Debate is a method of formally presenting an argument in a structured manner.Through logical consistency, factual accuracy and some degree of emotional appeal to the audience are elements in debating, where one side often prevails over the other party by presenting a superior “context” and/or framework of the issue. The outcome of a debate may depend upon consensus or some formal way of reaching a resolution, rather than the objective facts.In a formal debating contest, there are rules for participants to discuss and decide on differences, within a framework defining how they will interact.
Teachers often use the debate to effectively increase student involvement and participation during tutorial/seminar sessions, especially within the Humanities and Social Sciences and selectively within the Sciences. When a teacher uses the debate as a framework for learning, s/he hopes to get students to conduct comprehensive research into the topic, gather supporting evidence, engage in collaborative learning, delegate tasks, improve communication skills, and develop leadership and team-skills—all at one go.
Decades of academic research have proven that the benefits that accrue as a result of engaging in debate are numerous. Debate provides experiences that are conducive to life-changing, cognitive, and presentational skills. In addition, through debate debaters acquire unique educational benefits as they learn and polish skills far beyond what can be learnt in any other setting.
Debating has the following benefits:-
- Debaters become better critical thinkers and communicators. People begin to see them in a different way.
- Debaters improve their social interactions. Debaters are not argumentative with their family and friends, but oddly enough, more understanding.
- Debaters improve their personal expression. There seems to be something in us as human beings which wants to express ourselves. Their voices are heard.
- Debaters are more often seen as leaders. Studies in America show that those who communicate often and well, and give a balance of positive and negative comments, are seen as leaders. Leadership is given, not taken. Debaters are more likely to be given leadership.
- Debaters tend to become citizens in the real sense of the word — informed, active, participating, a force to be harnessed for the betterment of all.
- N.B.:- Children who are good in constructive debates have a higher potential to reach their goals.